Despite its cultural and religious importance, the river has rapidly degraded since the 20th century due to human activities. It selected stretches of the river along 25 cities in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal. The Ganges stingray or Gangetic stingray is a species of stingray in the freshwater rivers of India and one of the largest species of stingray found in India. For example, Kappenman and Parker (2007) recovered 33 lost gill nets from the Columbia River (USA) and found 126 white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus), which had been ‘fished’ by this ghost gear. Ganges is a nature documentary series for television on the natural history of the River Ganges in India and Bangladesh.As well as the variety of animals and habitats that are to be found along the river’s 2,510 km (1,557 mi) reach, the programmes also feature the cultures, traditions and religions of the very large human population that it supports. The Barrage has a fish ladder, but there is no monitoring or concern as to whether it is working or not. The purpose of the exercise was to study fish and fisheries of river Ganga, assess the key habitat variables in relation to fish distribution and various biological activity of the fishes, seed production (in-situ) of selected fish species, fish ranching in the depleted river stretches and to conduct awareness programme on sustainable fisheries and conservation to local fishermen. New Delhi, Sep 17 (PTI) Eight different exotic fish species were recorded in a study on fishes in Ganga river, Rattan Lal Kataria, Minister of State in the Jal Shakti Ministry, said on Thursday. In a major 2007–2009 study of fish in the Ganges basin (including the river itself and its tributaries, but excluding the Brahmaputra and Meghna basins), a total of 143 fish species were recorded, including 10 non-native introduced species. The extent, and enforcement, of fisheries management restrictions, differ among the various regions of Bangladesh and India and likely influence the temporal trends and spatial patterns of waste fishing gear and types of equipment found, according to the researchers. Geography of River Ganga: Geographically the Ganges, also known as Ganga is the third largest river (2,525 km in length) in the world by discharge. Ganga is the largest river (2074 km) in India which stretches from Gangotri Glacier of Western Himalayas in Uttarkhand and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of India & Bangladesh, and eventually empties into the Bay of Bengal. The Ganges River catchment supports some of the world’s largest inland fisheries but no research has yet been conducted to examine the input of debris from this industry. All links below take you to pages on the fishbase.org site. In 1993, GAP-II was initiated which included the river’s tributaries—the Yamuna, Gomti, Damodar and the Mahanadi. The river is very rich in fish fauna; 102 species of the fish from the Narayani river have been recorded. It is the third largest river by discharge. It consists of two rivers namely, the Ganga and Yamuna and their tributaries. Female river dolphins grow slightly larger than males. Geographically the Ganges, also known as Ganga is the third largest river (2,525 km in length) in the world by discharge. It is likely due to the high prevalence of fishing activity at these sites combined with the downstream accumulation of waste gear from further up the river. Ruchi Badola of Wildlife Institute of India who leads the praharis said the guardians who lead conservation efforts in their communities will contribute to empowering communities to tackle plastic pollution and change behaviours, especially in the management of plastic waste. It is the most sacred river to Hindus. The river Ganges holds deep religious and ritualistic significance for India's million of Hindus. Severely polluted with human waste and industrial contaminants, the river provides water to about 40% of India's population across 11 states, serving an estimated population of 500 million people which is more than any other river in the world. The Gangetic plain formed by river Ganga is one of the most fertile lands on earth. Major carps and the Clupeid fish, Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) and some large catfishes form the most valued catches across most parts of the Gangetic floodplains. The width of this river can go up to 36 – 37 kilometers at certain points. This giant stingray is a little-known species of stingray family, endemic to the Indian river system found on sandy bottoms in coastal waters. [3] Pollution of the Ganges (or Ganga), the largest river in India, poses significant threats to human health and the larger environment. The waters then flow through the delta region to the Bay of Bengal via innumerable channels, the largest of which is known as the Meghna estuary. For instance, the Farakka fish lifts do not seem to have been of any help due to the extremely low outflow of the Ganga River from it, and the commercial extinction of the Hilsa fisheries both upstream and downstream is clear with an estimated 99.9% decline. They found higher levels of waste fishing gear in sampling sites near the sea: likely due to the high prevalence of fishing activity at these sites combined with the downstream accumulation of waste gear from further up the river. According to Hindu faith, there is … The biggest among them is the ‘current jaal’ or an extremely dense fishing net. The more surprises that the Catfish found in the Amazon River of America How did it come here Ganges River in Varanasi, the more worrying it is for scientists. The Ganga River is also used for irrigation, fishing, and bathing. Ganges River is the longest river in India and it provides water to about 40% of India’s population. Concerned over the dwindling numbers of the fish in Ganga, the government-run National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has embarked on an ambitious, technology-aided project to help conserve and increase the natural stock of hilsa in the river. “The studies carried out under the project revealed a total of 190 However, the presence of sensitive species and habitats in protected areas may mean that protected areas are more vulnerable. Fishery Science and Aquaculture ALIGARH MUSLIM UNIVERSITY 2. The endangered Ganges river dolphin and species of threatened freshwater turtle and otter are wildlife “most at risk” from getting tangled up in waste fishing gear adrift in the transboundary Ganges river system, research has said. It is the longest river in India. It is the world's largest delta. There are 15 protected areas along the Ganga, including the Turtle Wildlife Sanctuary and Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Wildlife Sanctuary. The biggest river in the world, measured by the amount of water that flows down it, is the Amazon. But with the introduction of sturdier plastic nets, animals can’t wriggle free. The Ganges River, also called Ganga, is a river located in northern India that flows toward the border with Bangladesh ().It is the longest river in India and flows for around 1,569 miles (2,525 km) from the Himalayan Mountains to the Bay of Bengal. Singh also stressed that forest management/enforcement needs to go beyond the protected stretches in riverine systems. The Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus) is a critically endangered species of requiem shark found in the Ganges River (Padma River) and the Brahmaputra River of Bangladesh and India. River Ganga is the third largest river in the world by the amount of water that flows through it. They are a cadre of about 1000 local community members from Ganga states who are actively involved in conservation. The aquatic region of India is home to some of the biggest and giant aquatic creatures and the mighty rivers of India are also a good habitat for river monsters. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific is implementing the Promotion of Action against Marine Plastic Litter in Asia and the Pacific (CounterMEASURE II) project that aims to generate, share and disseminate scientific knowledge on plastic pollution in the Mekong, Ganges and selected rivers in Sri Lanka and Myanmar to inform policy and decision-making processes at the local, national, regional and global level. Although ingestion of debris can pose a risk to fauna, the threat assessment focused on entanglement because entanglement in plastic pollution, such as waste fishing gear, is known to cause mortality and injury in various aquatic vertebrate species. In Varanasi, colorful fish are being found from the Ganges these days, which have been named as cat fish of the Amazon River of the continent of South America. Most of the time the fisher community is not interested in catching animals; the fish catch matters,” Singh, who was not associated with the study, told Mongabay-India. Additionally, Spirkovski et al. Kali River Goonch Catfish. Parties to the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) adopted Decisions 13.122 – 13.125 and called for further research on this issue at COP13 of the Convention on Migratory Species, held in earlier this year in India, according to the CMS. The Ganges river system (known as the Ganga in India and Padma and Meghna in Bangladesh) has been identified as one of the 14 continental rivers in the world into which over a quarter of global waste is discarded; it is considered the second-largest plastic pollution-contributing catchment in the world (0.12 million tonnes of plastic discharged per year). Nelms adds that plastic pollution in rivers and the ocean does not respect protected area boundaries, so such areas are likely to be exposed to the same levels of waste gear as unprotected sites. Led by women scientists, this expedition is the world’s first ground-truthing effort to verify the quantum of plastic load that a freshwater body carries to the sea and substantiate theory as well as models proposed in research. River Ganga is the third largest river in the world by the amount of water that flows through it. The Ganges River catchment supports some of the world’s largest inland fisheries but no research has yet been conducted to examine the input of debris from this industry. Banner image: Higher levels of waste fishing gear were reported in sampling sites near the sea. All Rights Reserved by WalkThroughIndia.com. Background The Ganges Basin, one of the largest river basins in the world, drains an area of approximately 814,400 km2, spans three countries, and also has one of the largest human population densities. Current work was assumed to study the fish catch from the Ganga river at Allahabad during the period July 2015 to June 2016. Giant aquatic creatures and river monsters of India includes Indian mottled eel,Indian mahseer, Freshwater crocodile,Dwarf snakeheads,Wallago attu,Flathead catfish,large water snake,Dugongs and saltwater crocodile. Image source:dailymail. We also feel like more collaborative solution-oriented research works between Bangladesh and India should be designed and implemented as both countries are connected with the aquatic system,” signed-off Chowdhury. As a UNESCO world heritage, the Sunderbans area of India shelters lots of mangrove forest and animals. Monofilament fixed gill nets (current jal) and mosquito nets are illegal or restricted in Bangladesh and India, but their presence as observed during the riverbank surveys suggest that fishers are not adhering to the restrictions. This is concerning, researchers say, since the Indian government has plans to expand the Ganga waterway, increasing the number and frequency of the ships that ply the river. Eight different exotic fish species were recorded in a study on fishes in Ganga river, Rattan Lal Kataria, Minister of State in the Jal Shakti Ministry, said on Thursday. (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); Ganges shark is a critically endangered species found in the River Ganges and the Brahmaputra of India, Its different species of river shark which can be confused with the Ganges and Brahmaputra river bull shark. “Waste and active fishing gear impact aquatic wildlife in similar ways, but what we know about them differs quite significantly. Mongabay-India is a conservation and environment news and features service that aims to bring high quality, original reports from nature’s frontline in India. Zoology (IV Sem.) Three-striped roofed turtle (Batagur dhongoka), Ganges river dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica), black-spotted turtle (Geoclemys hamiltonii), northern river terrapin (Batagur baska) and smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicilata) were found to be most vulnerable to entanglement with, and impacts from, waste fishing gear. This very large softshell turtle of India mainly feeds on fish, frogs, crustaceans and molluscs but threatened by hunting and habitat loss hence an endangered species of turtle in India. This high turn-over rate and disposal method is bad news for the river and its wildlife because most of the gear is made from plastic and does not biodegrade, meaning that it will continue to capture animals for a long time. Ganga – Its Importance: No other river affects the lives of so many people in so many states of India as the Ganga. Riverine fishery of the Ganga basin supports one of the largest fishing populations in India (Sarkar et al., 2017). Gawsia Wahidunnessa Chowdhury of Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka, study co-author and member of the Sea to Source expedition, said some areas directly or indirectly get conservation attention through different steps such as ban on fishing and angling. Ganga is the largest river (2074 km) in India which stretches from Gangotri Glacier of Western Himalayas in Uttarkhand and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of India & Bangladesh, and eventually empties into the Bay of Bengal. We also get your email address to automatically create an account for you in our website. Indian River Dolphin is also known as Ganges River Dolphin or South Asian river dolphin primarily found in the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers of Indian Subcontinent. The project is called Net-Works and has proved so successful in reducing waste gear in coastal areas in the Philippines and Cameroon that it has now spun out into the new social enterprise Coast-4C. It is one among the largest river systems in the world. This was most common in Sahibganj in India and Rajbari and Chandpur in Bangladesh. This system alone harbours not less than 265 species of fish. It is the longest river in India. Photo by Heather Koldeway. The everyday number would be in lakhs. We are currently looking into setting up a net recycling project, particularly at the sites where this discarding behaviour is prevalent,” said Nelms. Lungfish. It is often confused with the more common bull shark ( Carcharhinus leucas ), which also inhabits the Ganges River and is sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Ganges shark. In the late 1980s, India's government announced a plan to release specially bred flesh-eating turtles into the Ganges river. On average 120,000 cubic metres (about 20 swimming pools' worth) of water flows out of its mouth every second. Essay # 4. When you login first time using a Social Login button, we collect your account public profile information shared by Social Login provider, based on your privacy settings. These dolphins swim on their sides when moving through the water, and lack good eyesight. This river is the longest and the most sacred in India. The expedition researchers recorded the abundance, distribution and characteristics of waste fishing gear such as nets, ropes, string, floats and line along the river, complementing their surveys by speaking to fishers to understand the behavioural drivers that lead to waste fishing gear entering the environment. The Ganges, known primarily as Ganga in India, is a river that flows through India and Bangladesh.Formed by the confluence of the rivers Bhagirathi and Alaknanda, it is the longest river in India.The Ganges has played a tremendous role in the Indian civilization for more than two millennia supporting its population through its water and fertile plains, among other things. Ganges river dolphin is National Aquatic Animal of India and protected under the Indian Wildlife Act, National Chambal Sanctuary and Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary are only two sanctuary in India dedicated to South Asian river dolphin. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. Ganga River: 139 South America: Ventuari: 520 322 40,000 2,000 Orinoco river: 140 South America: Inírida: 1,300 804 2,000 Guaviare River: 141 South America: Vichada: 580 359 25,000 2,000 Orinoco River: 142 Africa: Aruwimi: 1,030 640 116,100 2,000 Congo River: See also. There is emerging evidence demonstrating that ‘ghost gear’ is not only a marine issue but can pollute freshwater habitats too (Spirkovski et al., 2019). Local people live on fishing, farming and use the ferry boats to commute. Push Notifications Powered by, 12 Species of Giant and Small Tree Squirrels of India, 10 Species of Flying Squirrels Found in The Indian-Subcontinent, 15 Most Amazing Nocturnal Animals in India, Lesser Known 5 Types of Bengal Tigers Found in India, 9 States With Presence of Real Black Panther in India, Five Types of Wild Leopards Found in India, Big 5 of Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve of Maharashtra, Top 5 Best Sites for Reintroduction of Cheetah in India, Top 5 Sanctuaries for Leopard Sighting in India. “Raising awareness among the people to reduce plastic pollution (that mainly originate from the mismanaged plastic wastes) is essential. The Ganges River originates in the Himalayan Mountains. The act of fishing, for river animals and river fishermen, is an expression of their love, which is, quite paradoxically, realised only through deception, ambush, and killing. The barrages form barriers across the river. It flows through Nepal, China, India and Bangladesh. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Promotion of Action against Marine Plastic Litter in Asia and the Pacific (CounterMEASURE II), You may republish Mongabay content in your publication at no cost. The Ganges Delta (also known as the Sundarbans Delta or the Bengal Delta) is a river delta in the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, consisting of Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal.It is the world's largest river delta and it empties into the Bay of Bengal with the combined waters of several river systems, mainly those of the Brahmaputra river and the Ganges river. “Even if you confiscate the gill nets it doesn’t impact the fishers financially; they know its easily available and cheap, compared to the cotton nets,” said Singh. The Kali river goonch catfish is the biggest catfish caught and known for attacks on humans. Why do Hindus bath in the river Ganga (or the Ganges)? Chowdhury adds that the shared problems reinforce the importance of replicating strategies in the transboundary region.“In India, WII has initiated Ganga Prahari – guardians of the Ganges. The Bull Shark is commonly found species of Shark also lives in fresh water of the Brahmaputra and Ganges rivers of West Bengal and Assam in eastern India. The confluence of Bhagirathi and Alaknanda Rivers at Devprayag in India. Severely polluted with human waste and industrial contaminants, the river provides water to about 40% of India's population across 11 states, serving an estimated population of 500 million people which is more than any other river in the world. Twenty-one species of conservation concern, as identified by the Wildlife Institute of India, with ranges that overlap with the sampling locations, were investigated during river bank surveys in Bhola, Chandpur, Rajbari (in Bangladesh) and Sahibganj, Patna, Varanasi, Kannau, Anupshahr, Rishikesh (in India). Indian humpback Mahseer is most iconic fresh-water fish found only in the Cauvery Basin of Indian river system and is on the brink of extinction. The Gharial is critically endangered and one of the longest of all living crocodilians species native to India and it will go extinct in next 10 year or so. The Ganga river basin is one of the largest inland river basin of India, draining a catchment of 0.86 million km 2 and supporting 43% of India’s population. The Ganges Delta is a river delta in the South Asia region of Bengal, consisting of Bangladesh and the state of West Bengal, India. Once your account is created, you'll be logged-in to this account. New Delhi: Lovers of hilsa, the fish considered a big delicacy in most Bengali households, have some good news to look forward to. Bull sharks are apex predators and humans are their biggest threat,bull shark is responsible for biting swimmers around the Indian rivers. Big size prawn fish are on this ganga ghat. This system alone harbours not less than 265 species of fish. Goonch Catfish is the man-sized killer catfish and the biggest river monsters fish from India, found in the mountain rivers of North India and Nepal. Many ecological parameters like dissolved oxygen conductivity indicated that the river health is improving, Kataria said. The river water of Ganga is used for irrigation, transportation and fishing. It flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh. It consists of two rivers namely, the Ganga and Yamuna and their tributaries. A recent study found that increased ship traffic and dredging are stressing the dolphins and changing how they communicate. Red-bellied piranha is one of the most dreaded fish species in the world,has found its way into the Godavari river in Andhra Pradesh. Several fish markets are thriving in villages close to the Ganga river. The Ganga rises as Bhagirathi in Himalyas at 'Gaumukh' at the height of 4255 m in Uttrakashi region in Uttarakhand. The idea is that members of the local community collect nets from the environment, which are then turned into products, such as carpet tiles. The river Ganges is the largest river in India and the fifth longest in the world. “The good news is that our study found that over 50 percent of the nets were made from Nylon 6, which is a type of plastic that has high value and can be recycled into many new products. Eco-friendly substitutes for plastic could be tried as an alternative material for fashioning nets, “but they have to meet their purpose: it should be wildlife-friendly, any animal should not get entangled and the fishers should be able to get the volume of catch they require. © 2010-2021. The Ganga river system is the largest river system in India. “This reduces plastic pollution in the environment and provides a source of income for fishers and their communities,” said Nelms. The Ganges River contains the Ganges River dolphin, a small mammal cetacean, or marine mammal, resembling the Indus River dolphin. This invasive fish species from Godavari River is indeed a river monster of Indian rivers and ranked as one of the world’s most deadliest fish. So we have to think of reducing, reusing, and recycling waste plastic fishing gear,” Sinha told Mongabay-India. Humpback Mahseer is one of the highly esteemed food fish and one of the largest fresh water river fish in India. It is produced by the confluence (संगम) of Bhagirathi and Alaknanda Rivers at Devprayag in India. Interviews with fishers revealed that many replace their nets every 1-6 months, and it is common for people to discard their old gear into the river. Scientists associated with the Sea to Source expedition carried out a biodiversity threat assessment of Gangetic wildlife species most at risk from entanglement in abandoned, lost, or otherwise discarded fishing gear (ALDFG) in nine sampling sites along the river in Bangladesh coast in the Bay of Bengal to upstream in the Himalayas in Rishikesh, India. The largest is the Farraka Barrage, which diverts most of the flow down the Hooghly Canal and has been the source of considerable political disagreement between India and Bangladesh, although a Water Sharing Agreement was reached in 1995. Several fish markets are thriving in villages close to the Ganga river. Recently, on Ganga River Dolphin Day on October 5, many threats the animal faces were highlighted. Goonch is a monster catfish and man-sized killer catfish found in the Kali … (2019) reported 116 fish and four birds entangled in ghost nets retrieved from Lake Ohrid (Macedonia and Albania). All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. From the source to the sea via the Bhagirathi-Hooghly it is a run of over 2,500 km. “This has clear welfare implications for the individual animals but may also cause declines in populations of species that are of conservation concern,” observed Nelms. Ganges River, Hindi Ganga, great river of the plains of the northern Indian subcontinent. The endangered Ganges river dolphin and species of threatened freshwater turtle and otter are wildlife “most at risk” from getting tangled up in waste fishing gear adrift in the transboundary Ganges river system, research has said. A recent study that sampled 55 sites along the Ganga’s 2500 km stretch for microplastics found microplastics in 72 percent of the sediment samples. They capture Prawn fish sitting on the boat. In core of protected areas the rules are enforced but we encourage management officials to also look out for such practices beyond the protected areas. The Ganga river system is the largest river system in India. The expedition leveraged support of the praharis for the socio-economic and education component of the project. It is the largest river basin in our country covering over one-fourth of its total surface area. Recently, on Ganga River Dolphin Day on October 5, many threats the animal faces were highlighted. “We always tell management and enforcement officials to look out for gill nets. 6 million tons of fertilizers and 9,000 tonnes of pesticides are used in agriculture within the basin. Kaveri is large South India river flows through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and emptying into the Bay of Bengal, the river is home to Mugger Crocodile or Indian Marsh Crocodile in Ranganathittu bird sanctuary. The habitats are contiguous and the wildlife doesn’t have boundaries,” said Singh. The Ganga River System . In a major 2007–2009 study of fish in the Ganges basin (including the river itself and its tributaries, but excluding the Brahmaputra and Meghna basins), a total of 143 fish species were recorded, including 10 non-native introduced species. Similarly, India may also adopt some strategic directions from Bangladesh that bring success in our hilsa conservation,” said Chowdhury. Freshwater Fish Species in Ganges River [Indian subcontinent] The tables below were generated from Fishbase.org - A project to provide indexing and links for all known species as the baseline dataset for studies of global biodiversity. Young fishermen at the Ganga: The fishing community knows the river and its ways unlike anyone else. The biggest among them is the ‘current jaal’ or an extremely dense fishing net. Fish And Fisheries Of River Ganga Ankita M. Sc. The ... active netting of fish and open defecation. It flows primarily in a southerly direction through Russia into the Caspian Sea. Pollution of the Ganges (or Ganga), the largest river in India, poses significant threats to human health and the larger environment. If Prime Minister Modi sees the Ganga now, he will be able to spot fishes in its waters. Indian softshell turtle is one of the largest turtle found in the Ganges, Indus and Mahanadi rivers of India. The study comes amid an increasing awareness on understanding what impacts plastic is having on species living in and around rivers. To return to mongabay use one of the following links: These nets are particularly detrimental to fauna in a linear system such as riverine areas. Ravindra Kumar Sinha adds that government policies such as the National Mission for Clean Ganga do seek to reduce plastic pollution in rivers but their execution needs to be strengthened on the ground which shows the need for improved awareness of the significance of biodiversity around river systems and how their conservation is connected to human well-being. People are catching fish at Ganga River at Kolkata. The Ganges shark is known to inhabit only in freshwater rivers of eastern and northeastern India. National Chambal Sanctuary also called as the National Chambal Gharial Wildlife Sanctuary is the only wild home for endangered Gharial. This river is now threatened by severe pollution. Thousands of animal carcasses and human corpses are being released into the river every day. “There was negligible awareness of the Gangetic river dolphin in the 1980s when I began working on the species. The largest river delta in the world is formed as a result of Ganga falling into the bay of bengal. The 2,525 km-long Ganga binds five Indian states along its main stem and 11 in her entire basin that is home to 625 million people. In 1986, the government had launched the first phase of Ganga Action Plan (GAP-I) to protect the country’s largest river basin. 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